August 03, 2012

Facts: Maryland Grist Mill

  • Carroll County, where Roop's Mill is located, is the birthplace of Francis Key Scott, the author of the Star-Spangled Banner.
  • The millstones inside Roop's Mill were imported by France and arrived by ship in the Port of Baltimore.

  • The Roop's family ran a dairy farm as well as a flour mill, a cider mill, saw mill, ice house and milling shop.

  • The construction of Roop's Mill's design was innovated and patented by Oliver Evans. Evans is accredited with designing both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson's gristmills.

  • The Roop's Mill barn was built without using any nails. The builders cut the wood first, timber sockets were fashioned, or "tailor-made" to fit their corresponding timbers; thus each timber piece must be numbered. Then pegs were hammered in.
  • Gristmills have been around for centuries, since people have been using flour for quite a long time. Early gristmills were powered by livestock, slaves, water, or windmills.

  • The Mill was operational for over 100 years. In 1919, the mill ceased production, but was reopened for a short period of time in 1955.

  • The dinner bell found in the Roop's Mill barn was made by Goulds Manufacturing. By 1848 Goulds Pumps had already built a reputation for the high skills of its artisans. They produced all kinds of cast products such as corn shellers, bells, sad irons, sinks, tools, and a line of fire engines.

  • A tile found in the gristmill, copyright 1882 by J. & J.G. LOW, can also be found on display in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Nat Geo TV App

The Nat Geo TV App

Watch your favorite National Geographic Channel shows the day after they air.

Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play