September 25, 2012

Facts: Extreme Justice

Facts Related to This Episode

  • Nome was once Alaska’s largest settlement. But over time, its population dwindled to just over 3,500 hardy souls.

  • With temperatures averaging 58 degrees, July is the warmest month in Nome.

  • Alaska State Trooper canines undergo nine weeks of training at an academy in Fairbanks.

  • A human has about 5 to 15 million smell receptors in his or her nose, but a dog has 125 to 250 million.

  • In 2002, there were 25 reported search and rescue incidents in Alaska. The majority of the incidents occurred at Denali National Park and Preserve, many involving mountain climbing and hiking.

  • Statistically, 93 percent of avalanche victims survive if they are dug out within 15 minutes. After that, the survival rates drop quickly. After 45 minutes, only 20 to 30 percent of victims are still alive—and after two hours, very few people survive.

  • It’s estimated that avalanches kill over 150 people worldwide every year.

  • The town of Circle was the largest gold mining town on the Yukon River before the 1898 Klondike Gold Rush.

  • In the 19th century, there were major gold rushes in the U.S., Australia, Canada, and South Africa.

  • Musk-oxen are herd animals, and use cooperation to deal with predation by wolves or dogs. When faced with a threat, they “circle the wagons” and arrange themselves with the young ones in the middle and their sharp horns facing out.

  • Alaska has diverse and plentiful wildlife, including over 900,000 caribou that roam the vast landscape.

  • Diomede, Alaska, is just 2 ½ miles from Russia. It is one of the most remote villages in North America.

  • Diomede has been an Ingalikmiut fishing village for centuries. Its 107 inhabitants maintain their subsistence lifestyle often eating seal, polar bear, blue crab, and whale meat.

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