June 18, 2012

Facts About Hutterites

  • Like the Amish and Mennonites, the Hutterites are a denomination of Anabaptism, directly descended from the Radical Reformation of the 16th century.

  • The Hutterites are named after their founder, Jakob Hutter, who founded the group in the Austrian province of Tyrol, and later led them to Moravia to escape persecution. Hutter was a hat maker by trade; "Hut" is the German word for hat.

  • Today, more than 40,000 Hutterites live in more than 480 colonies in the United States and Canada. There is even a Hutterite colony in Japan.

  • There are three denominations of Hutterites: the Schmiedeleut, the Lehrerleut, and the Dariusleut. The suffix “leut” means "people" in English, and each prefix refers to that group’s original leader. The first two refer to the original leader's vocation: "Schmied" meaning blacksmith, and "Lehrer" meaning teacher. The Dariusleut is named after their founder, Darius Walter.

  • Hutterites follow the major tenets of anabaptism, including nonviolence, adult baptism, and communal ownership of goods.

  • The Hutterites' first language is German. Anyone from the outside world is referred to as 'English.'

  • Hutterite children attend German school. They learn the alphabet and how to read the German prayer book.

  • The Schuellehrer, or German school teacher, is an important job on the colony. They are responsible for the education and discipline of the children.

  • Rita’s mother was one of the first modern Hutterite women to go to college.

  • Hutterite men, women, and children sit separately in the dining hall and in church.

  • One punishment for Hutterites who disobey colony rules is to be forced to stand during church.

  • Hutterites have been making their own laundry soap for hundreds of years. The practice is both cost-efficient and ecological, as Hutterites recycle old lard from animals butchered over the course of a year.

  • Hutterite brides traditionally wear blue wedding dresses.

  • Hutterite brides do not wear veils.

  • Hutterite men usually have to find brides in other colonies. The bride will then leave her family to move to her husband’s colony.

  • Hutterites marry for life. They do not believe in divorce.

  • Hutterite men grow beards once they are married.

  • All automobiles are owned by the Hutterite colony. The residents of the colony share them when needed.

  • King Colony is named after Christ King who was the first settler on the land in 1881.

  • King Colony is made up of 16 families and 59 individuals.

Advertisement

Nat Geo TV App

The Nat Geo TV App

Watch your favorite National Geographic Channel shows the day after they air.

Download on the App StoreGet it on Google Play