National Geographic Society

  • Connect:

Facts: Running the Joint

A view from the jail window in a Protective Custody Unit.

A view from the jail window in a Protective Custody Unit. (View larger version)

Photograph by James Peterson/ National Geographic Channels/ Part2 Pictures

Published
  • At midyear 2010, about 6 in 10 inmates were convicted offenders in jail awaiting court action on a current charge, unchanged since 2005. About 4 in 10 inmates were sentenced offenders or convicted offenders awaiting sentencing.

  • During the 12-month period ending June 30, 2010, the population in the largest jail jurisdictions with an average daily population of 1,000 or more inmates declined by18,187 inmates. This decline was off set by increases in jail jurisdictions with an average daily population between 100 and 249 inmates and jail jurisdictions with an average daily population of fewer than 50 inmates.

  • Drug offenders' cases remained the most prevalent at adjudication and sentencing, in prison, and under supervision.

  • The number of inmate deaths in jails increased each year between 2000 and 2007 (from 904 to 1,102 inmate deaths), increasing 22% during this period. In 2008, the number of deaths in jails declined 13% to 960 inmate deaths, and decreased an additional 1% in 2009 to 948 deaths. The decline in 2008 was the first decline in jail mortality data since BJS began collecting data annually for the DCRP in 2000.

  • The most serious offense for 242,200 sentenced prisoners in state facilities at the end of 2009 was a conviction involving illegal drugs.

  • The U.S. has a greater percentage of its population locked up than any other country in the world.

  • Despite budget cuts and tax shortfalls housing inmates costs the country almost $600 billion a year.

  • The U.S. has an incarceration rate of 743 per 100,000 people in 2009.

  • In 2008, the U.S housed a quarter of the world's prisoners.

  • In 2010, the U.S. housed more inmates than the top 35 European countries combined.

  • One in every 28 children has an incarcerated parent in 2010.

  • During 2007, a total of 1,180,469 persons on parole were at-risk of re-incarceration. This includes persons under parole supervision on January 1 or those entering parole during the year. Of these parolees, about 16% were returned to incarceration in 2007.

  • The number of inmate deaths in jails increased each year between 2000 and 2007 (from 904 to 1,102 inmate deaths), increasing 22% during this period. In 2008, the number of deaths in jails declined 13% to 960 inmate deaths, and decreased an additional 1% in 2009 to 948 deaths.

  • A total of 3,283 jail facilities, including jails in the federal system, were operating in 2006, down 93 from 3,376 in 1999.

  • As the number of confined jail inmates increased faster than the number of jail staff, the number of confined inmates per employee rose from 2.9 in 1999 to 3.3 in 2006.

0 comments