August 21, 2012

Facts: Jail Mom

  • At midyear 2010, about 6 in 10 inmates were convicted offenders in jail awaiting court action on a current charge, unchanged since 2005. About 4 in 10 inmates were sentenced offenders or convicted offenders awaiting sentencing.

  • During the 12-month period ending June 30, 2010, the population in the largest jail jurisdictions with an average daily population of 1,000 or more inmates declined by 18,187 inmates. This decline was offset by increases in jail jurisdictions with an average daily population between 100 and 249 inmates and jail jurisdictions with an average daily population of fewer than 50 inmates.

  • Drug offenders' cases remained the most prevalent at adjudication and sentencing, in prison, and under supervision.

  • The number of inmate deaths in jails increased each year between 2000 and 2007 (from 904 to 1,102 inmate deaths), increasing 22% during this period. In 2008, the number of deaths in jails declined 13% to 960 inmate deaths, and decreased an additional 1% in 2009 to 948 deaths. The decline in 2008 was the first decline in jail mortality data since BJS began collecting data annually for the DCRP in 2000.

  • Local jails, unlike prisons, are confinement facilities mainly operated by a local law enforcement agency. Jails typically hold inmates while they await court action or serve a sentence of one year or less. From June 2010 to June 2011, the jail inmate population was 748,728, with 12.6% Adult Females. At midyear 2011, about 61 percent of inmates were not convicted, but were in jail awaiting court action on a current chargeā€”a rate unchanged since 2005. About 39 percent of inmates were sentenced offenders or convicted offenders awaiting sentencing. Jail authorities were also responsible for supervising 62,816 offenders outside of the jail facilities, including 11,950 under electronic monitoring (1.4%), 11,369 in weekend programs, 11,680 in community service programs, and 10,464 in other pretrial release programs. An additional 17,353 offenders were also supervised through home detention without electronic monitoring, day reporting, treatment programs, and other unspecified programs. 2,449 (0.3%) of persons under jail supervision were in treatment programs.

  • The legal definition of "trafficking in controlled substances" in Las Vegas, Nevada, is when a person knowingly sells, manufactures, delivers or brings into this State or who is knowingly in actual or constructive possession of large quantities of schedule I or II drugs. trafficking is a very broad crime that applies to cases where a large amount of drugs is involved and the suspect allegedly engaged in any of the following behaviors: possession of controlled substances in Las Vegas, NV; manufacture of controlled substances in Las Vegas, NV; transportation of controlled substances in Las Vegas, NV; or sale of controlled substances in Las Vegas, NV.

  • Gang membership continues to expand throughout communities nationwide, as gangs evolve, adapt to new threats, and form new associations. Consequently, gang-related crime and violence is increasing as gangs employ violence and intimidation to control their territory and illicit operations. Many gangs have advanced beyond their traditional role as local retail drug distributors in large cities to become more organized, adaptable, and influential in large-scale drug trafficking. Gang members are migrating from urban areas to suburban and rural communities to recruit new members, expand their drug distribution territories, form new alliances, and collaborate with rival gangs and criminal organizations for profit and influence. Local neighborhood, hybrid and female gang membership is on the rise in many communities.

  • A drug taskforce seized 208 pounds of methamphetamine from five Las Vegas homes--the biggest meth bust in Nevada state history. Recent bust demonstrates that large quantities of the drug are being smuggled in from Mexico. Methamphetamine is the number one drug problem in Southern Nevada and much of the Southwest. And it's been that way for the last decade. As domestic meth production fell in this country in the mid-2000s, meth smuggled in from Mexico filled the void. Meth seizures at the border hit record levels in 2010 and continue to rise.

  • The report below contains a brief overview of the substance abuse and mental health issues within the state of NV, including the prevalence of substance use and abuse, treatment resources, mental health indicators. In the 2006 N-SSATS survey, Nevada showed a one-day census total of 7,248 clients in treatment, the majority of whom (6,747or 93%) were in outpatient treatment. Across the last 15 years, there has been a steady decline in the number of admissions mentioning alcohol and cocaine and a concomitant rise in admissions for methamphetamine abuse.

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