February 17, 2012

Facts: Poaching, Poppy, and Penalties

Facts from Wild Justice: Killing for Cash

  • It is illegal to sell any deer meat in the state of California, whether it was taken legally under a recreational hunting license or killed illegally.

  • CalTIP (Californians Turn in Poachers & Polluters) is a confidential secret witness program that encourages the public to provide the California Fish & Game Department with factual information to find and arrest poachers and polluters.

  • The poaching of all wildlife species has increased greatly over the last decade.

  • In the 1990s, it was estimated that approximately $100 million worth of California's native wildlife was being poached annually for profit, making poaching second only to the illegal drug trade in black market profitability.

  • Most of California's fish and wildlife is poached from remote areas and then transported to major cities to be sold and exported.

  • The penalty for poaching deer in California is a maximum of six months in county jail and a $1,000 fine.

  • Opium is a narcotic, made from the white liquid in the poppy plant.

  • Opium production occurs in three source regions: Southeast Asia, Southwest Asia, and Latin America.

  • The opium poppy was first cultivated in lower Mesopotamia in 3400 B.C. and was referred to as the "joy plant" by the Sumerians.

  • Opium contains up to 12 percent morphine, an opiate alkaloid most frequently processed chemically to produce heroin.

  • In 1907, the California Pharmacy and Poison Act made it a crime to sell opiates without a prescription and banned the possession of opium or opium pipes in 1909.

  • The California poppy is the state flower of California and does not contain opium.

  • California's "indecent exposure" law has remained virtually unchanged since its enactment in 1872, and prohibits publicly exposing your naked body or genitals with lewd intent.

  • Conviction of indecent exposure in the state of California subjects an offender to a lifetime duty to register as a California sex offender.

  • As of 1/1/11, possession of less than 1 oz of marijuana is an infraction, but not a criminal offense.

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