- Crocodiles and birds are descended from the reptilian group that once dominated the planet: the Archosauria. Even dinosaurs were archosaurs. Archosaur remains have been found on every continent on earth.
- Crocodiles have three sets of eyelids.
- Though crocodiles spend much of their lives in water, they can’t see well underwater.
- Crocodiles have the most acidic stomachs of any vertebrate. Acid helps to break down bones and hooves.
- African Buffalo are hosts to the highly infectious Bovine Tuberculosis, which poses a serious threat to other African wildlife. Many species are susceptible to the disease, particularly predators and scavengers that feed on animals weakened or killed by the disease. Bovine TB has become a major conservation concern in South Africa.
- Lions can contract a cat version of HIV known as FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus). The virus does not appear to affect lions severely but it can kill domestic cats. In Ngorongoro Crater National Park, Serengeti National Park and Kruger National Park up to 92% of lions tested positive for FIV.
African Wild Dogs
- Wild dogs can have up to 20 pups in a single litter.
- Wild dogs rarely scavenge, even off of a freshly killed carcass. They prefer to eat prey they kill themselves.
- Banded mongooses are often found in areas with many termite mounds because they use the mounds as den sites.
- Banded mongooses have very good eyes, ears, and noses. They can spot a predator 325 feet (100 meters) away, and tell the difference between birds of prey and non-predatory birds on the fly.
- If a hyena bears two cubs of the same sex, the siblings will start fighting immediately after their birth, and often one of the pair will be killed.
- The milk of the spotted hyena is extremely rich, and cubs suckle until they are more than a year old, by which stage they are also actively involved in kills with the clan. Mothers are extremely protective of their young, even against their own clan mates.
- Common dolphins have the most elaborate color patterns of any cetacean.
- You are more likely to be bitten by a fellow human being than by a shark.
- Cape gannets generally bond for life with their mates. Every year pairs reunite at breeding colonies and stay together throughout the breeding season, sometimes several months before laying eggs. They have diverse set of rituals and displays that they perform to rekindle their bond during their time together at the breeding colony.