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Grizzly Bears, Guanacos, and Beetles Facts

Photo: A lone guanaco stands in profile

Grizzly Bears, Guanacos, and Beetles (View larger version)

Photograph by Jeff Foott, ILCP

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  • European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) were purposefully introduced to America in 1890 by a group of people attempting to introduce all of the animals from the works of William Shakespeare. Approximately 60 European starlings were released into New York’s Central Park in 1890, and those 60 have multiplied to become the 150 million starlings that occupy America today.

  • European starlings have unique jaw muscles that power their beaks to spring open so that they can pry open nuts and dig in the grass and soil.

  • When under threat, muskox herds tactically create a circle facing outwards towards their enemy. This makes them almost invulnerable to attack.

  • The coachwhip snake's name comes from the pattern of scales on the tail that resembles a braided whip.

  • Coachwhip snakes only feed about once every five days.

  • When muskoxen collide, it is the equivalent of a head on car crash at 30 miles per hour.

  • The Gila monster lizard has lethal venom which causes haemorrhages in internal organs.

  • Grizzly bears are among the strongest and most powerful of all animals.

  • A grizzly's strength can be up to five times that of a human.

  • Shrews must eat every 2-3 hours, or they die.

  • The guanaco's heart is 15% larger than is usual for mammals their size.

  • The Darwin beetle can grow to be bigger than a baseball and have jaws half the size of entire body.
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