August 28, 2013

Wet Facts

  • Unimak Island is the farthest west that brown bears are found in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.

  • 30,000 brown bears are estimated to live in Alaska.

  • Coastal brown bears are larger and slightly differently colored than grizzly bears.

  • On all fours, brown bears are about 3.5 feet tall, but standing on their hind legs, they reach 6-7 feet in height.

  • Male brown bears weigh upwards of 800 lbs, nearly twice as much as the females.

  • Brown bears have claws that can be almost as long as a human finger, which they use for digging dens and unearthing plant roots to eat.

  • Brown bears have poor eyesight, so they rely on hearing and smelling as their primary senses.

  • Brown bears can reach speeds of 35 miles per hour.

  • Brown bears may lose up to 40% of their body while hibernating over winter.

  • The peacock mantis shrimp can be found in the Indo-Pacific from Guam to East Africa.

  • A mantis shrimp can strike its prey at up to 51 miles per hour.

  • Mantis shrimp have four times as many photoreceptors for color as any sophisticated vision system in the animal kingdom.

  • The giant Pacific octopus can grow to lengths of 30 feet across and weigh more than 600 lbs.

  • Each of the female giant Pacific octopus’ eight arms has 280 suckers. Each individual sucker is equipped with thousands of chemical sensing receptors.

  • The giant Pacific octopus lives only three to five years.

  • The giant Pacific octopus has only one hard part in its body—its beak—and can fit through nearly any space its beak can.

  • If a giant Pacific octopus used all 2,000 of its suckers at once, it could pull more than 700 lbs using this suction force.

  • The hairy frogfish can swallow prey up to twice its own size.

  • The banded sea krait is highly venomous; its potent venom is ten times more toxic than a rattlesnake’s venom.

  • The banded sea krait may be able to absorb one-fifth of its total needed oxygen through its skin, and can expel most of its carbon dioxide the same way.

  • Neither wolf nor eel, the wolf eel actually belongs to a group of fish called, “wolffish.”

  • Hawksbill sea turtles stomachs contain tiny glassy shards due to their sponge-filled diet.

  • The sunflower sea star can extrude its stomach to digest food externally.

  • The fastest fish in the ocean, sailfish can reach speeds of 68 miles (110 kilometers) per hour.

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