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Puma Facts

The female puma with her three cubs are in the wild. We see how the little ones learn from their mother and how to sneak up on their prey, the guanaco.

The female puma with her three cubs are in the wild. We see how the little ones learn from their mother and how to sneak up on their prey, the guanaco. (View larger version)

Photograph by Janco Van Gelderen

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  • The puma has the largest geographic range of any land mammal in the Western Hemisphere.

  • The Puma concolor is known by a variety of common names through its vast range including puma, mountain lion and cougar.

  • In North America, scientists have found puma home ranges that varied in size from 12 - 398 miles.

  • Pumas are threatened by extensive habitat loss and fragmentation through their range, as well poaching of some of their prey species.

  • The puma is the second heaviest cat found in the Western Hemisphere. Only the jaguar is heavier.

  • Pumas are known for their ability to hunt large prey. In the Chilean Patagonia, pumas hunt guanacos as well as smaller animals like the European hares.

  • Guanacos live in South America and are found in the countries of Argentina, Chile, Peru, Bolivia and Paraguay.

  • The gestation period for the guanaco is around 11 months and they live to be up to 15 to 20 years old.

  • The main predators of guanacos are the puma.
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