- Macaques are omnivores. They feed on fruit, leaves, crops and insects. Food is stuffed into the cheek pouches with both hands to be chewed later.
- Breeding tends to take place in autumn.
- The species owes its popular name to a type of brimless hat, known as “toque” that was popular in 16th century England.
- Newborn macaques weigh about about 400g at birth.
- Macaques live in social groups - although the size of these groups varies widely from as few as 8 individuals up to as many as 43. The average group size is 23.
- Male macaques are twice the size of females.
- Toque macaques are endemic to Sri Lanka.
- Within toque macaque society, there is a strict dominance hierarchy - lower ranking individuals are ousted from good foraging areas and are less likely to survive reproductive age than high ranking females.
- Leopards, crocodiles, vipers and python snakes are the main predators of this species.
- The newborn young has a soft black natal coat in the first two months of life.
- Toque macaques are deemed vulnerable by the 2000 IUCN Red List. Habitat loss, as a result of wood extraction, is the main cause for this.
- The gestation period for a female toque macaque is 152 days.
- Toque macaques have an average lifespan of 30 years.
- Macaques are diurnal - spending time both on the ground and in trees.
- One macaque offspring is produced each pregnancy. The females have one pregnancy per year.
July 01, 2013
Slum Monkey Facts