Outback Wrangler Facts: Predator Island

Elephants, monkeys, and snakes...oh my!

  • Elephants live in matriarchal groups.

  • An elephant’s trunk is made up of 40,000 muscles and has no bones.

  • Elephant females, or cows, give birth to one calf every four years or so, after a pregnancy that lasts for nearly two years.

  • The Asian elephant species has been listed as "endangered" by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) since 1986.

  • Borneo pygmy elephants are genetically distinct from other Asian elephants, and were recognized in 2003 as a subspecies (Elephas maximus borneensis).

  • They are smaller and less aggressive, with bigger ears, rounder faces, and longer tails than other Asian elephants.

  • While other male Asian elephants grow up to 10 feet (3 m) tall, a male Borneo pygmy elephant grows to a height of less than 8 feet (2.5 m).

  • A single adult Borneo pygmy elephant can eat up to 330 lbs. of vegetation a day, which is mostly made up of palms, grasses and wild bananas.

  • The king cobra makes a distinctive growling sound when threatened, which emanates from the throat and deepens in tone as the snake grows.

  • A mature male proboscis monkey has a long tail and large, pendulous nose that hangs down over the monkey's mouth.

  • When a proboscis monkey is born, its fur is black and its face is a vibrant blue.

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